Winter 2004 Number 38

Canoe Raffle Winner

Paul Copland and Paul Vickers

Keith Frost of Glenburnie was the lucky winner of a Swift Kipawa Canoe proudly donated to The Friends of Frontenac Park by The Peak Experience and Swift Canoe and Kayak. Paul Copland of The Peak Experience and Paul Vickers of The Friends of Frontenac Park are shown above drawing the winning ticket at the Frontenac Challenge Award BBQ on November 9. A couple weeks later, Lloyd Chapman and Paul Vickers helped Keith and his son take their new canoe home. Look for Keith and his family canoeing the many lakes of Frontenac Park this summer. The Friends greatly appreciate the generosity of The Peak Experience and Swift Canoe and Kayak for the donation of the canoe. Thank you to Mustang for the donation of two life jackets and Frontenac Park for the donation of a safety kit. And thank you to our ticket sellers and purchasers all 1,200 tickets were sold two months before the draw date.

Winter Fun Day - Sunday January 25th, 2004

This is a snowshoe and ski day for people of ages and all levels. There will be six different snowshoe or ski tours. The outings will be followed by hot chocolate in the Trail Centre. Everyone should dress in layers for the weather, bring your own snowshoe or ski equipment, including a small backpack with water, a hot drink, and snack. Please meet at the Trail Centre prepared to depart at the following times:

09h30: 12km snowshoe tour (or ski) tour on Corridor and Bufflehead Trail

11h00: 8km snowshoe and ski and tours to Big Salmon Lake Landing

13h30: 4km snowshoe and ski tours to Arab Lake

The Peak Experience (795 Gardeners Rd., Kingston. 384 2002) will provide a 15% discount on snowshoe rentals or snowshoe or ski purchases for participants planning to join in the Winter Fun Day.

Note: All tours are subject to change due to weather or trail conditions. For information call the Park at 376 3489 or Nathan Nesdoly 547 5849.

President's Message

A few rambling thoughts to start my second year as President.

I would like to thank Ron Gray, Audrey Helmstaedt, Herb Helmstaedt and Dora Hunter for serving on the Board. Ron served on the Board as the Vice President last year. Our Board minutes have been diligently taken by Herb for the past two years. Audrey joined the Board over a year ago to replace our departing Newsletter editor who moved to Vancouver. I would need a page or two more to list Dora's contributions to The Friends and Frontenac Park. Dora has been an active Board member for many years, and has chaired or been involved with numerous committees such as the Property Acquisition and Protection Committee, Natural History Group, Map Committee, and Doe Lake Trail Guide Committee (to name a few).

Joining the Board are Nathan Nesdoly (vice president), Don Stables (special events), Joan McDuff (secretary) and Harvey Guy (newsletter).

Continuing to serve on the Board for another year are Ivan DeRome (past president), Peter Burbidge (treasurer), Rose Jones (publicity), Erhard Frenzl (wilderness skills), and John Dorland (membership).

The 2004 Board looks forward to another fantastic year of working with Lloyd Chapman and his staff in making Frontenac Park an even more special place to visit.

When I was in England visiting family this past fall, I took time out to walk the moors surrounding Meltham, the small town I grew up in near the South Pennines in Yorkshire. Besides the dramatically different landscape compared to hiking Frontenac Park was the absence of trail markers and junction signs. I missed having the blue diamond trail markers to follow. Furthermore, the only map I could find to purchase was several years out of date (which is a significant problem when many of the trails are subject to the finicky desire of the landowner). We are certainly spoiled by having an excellent up to date interior map showing the well marked, blazed and signed trails of Frontenac Park.

The efforts of The Friends in helping with Frontenac's trails are certainly more noticeable after hiking trails with an outdated map and no trail markers. The Friends routinely spends over $ 1,000 a year in purchasing trail markers and signage to help visitors find their way in Frontenac Park. The Friends produced the current interior map in 2001 and plans are underway for a fourth edition expected to be printed in 2005. Between 20 and 30 volunteers help each spring and fall with the Friends' organized Trail Sweeps.

This edition of Frontenac News reports an Ontario Municipal Board (OMB) hearing on a land severance application for property located near the Park. There were a couple comments made by the OMB in their decision that I find of interest. Environmental considerations of the severance required knowing what is growing and living on the property in question and surrounding lakes and property (including Frontenac Park). The environmental consultant engaged by the applicant reviewed correspondence from The Friends and Ontario Parks (in addition to other correspondence) to determine what is growing and living in the area and the impact that the severance would have on the ecology.

The use of material researched by The Friend and Ontario Parks in this hearing underscores the importance of continued ecological studies and the creation of natural history inventories. Without this research, the OMB could have incorrectly concluded that there were no ecological sensitive areas on or around the property, and therefore, the development could proceed. Hopefully ecological studies conducted by Ontario Parks do not get squeezed when the new Ontario government tables its budget. These studies preserve our natural history for our future generations.

The Friends' Natural History Group helps with ecological studies and reporting of rare and endangered species. Our Natural History Group are regularly in the Park conducting various surveys. Two years ago, the Friends provided funding of $1,500 to conduct a detailed site assessment of a colony of Purple Twayblade (a nationally endangered orchid) found in Frontenac Park by our Natural History Group. The Friends will continue to provide natural history expertise and funding within our means and mandate.

Congratulations to John Olson and Jim Gilchrist as the 2003 recipients of the Rick Briese Volunteer Memorial Award. The Award is presented annually by the Park Superintendent to volunteers whose contribution has enhanced the conservation of Frontenac Park. John has worked behind the scenes coordinating numerous retail outlets distribution of The Friends interior map. The amount of revenue generated by John's hard work is very impressive. Jim has presented the Map and Compass Workshops for 21 years and provided valuable expertise to the Wilderness Skills Program offered at Frontenac Park.

Paul Vickers


Here is a list of upcoming activities that maybe of interest to you. Please participate and tell your friends about them This logo * denotes Friends' sponsored activities Do not forget that you will need to purchase a daily vehicle or camping permit to take part in most of these activities. Contact the Park (376 3489) for more information.

* Thursday, January 1: Deadline for Submissions for Winter Newsletter We welcome your articles, letters, stories and photographs. Material should be sent to the Friends' address shown on the back page or e mailed to "". For electronic items, please send articles as Microsoft Word files with minimum formatting, and photographs as 180 dpi greyscale. If necessary/possible, please compress (zip) files before sending.

* Monday, January 12: Friends Board Meeting Location LCVI, Rm. 125 at 19h00

* Saturday, January 24: Winter Camping Planning This presentation by the Friends will cover all you need to give winter camping a try. Make sure you book one of the two weekends (see below) to camp with the instructors. Please come dressed for the weather and the trails. Time: 10h00 to 15h30 at the Trail Centre. To register contact the Trail Centre at 376-3489.

* Sunday, January 25: Winter Fun Day. This is a ski or snowshoe day for people of all ages and all levels. There will be six different guided ski or snowshoe outings. Volunteers will serve hot chocolate in front of the fireplace in the Trail Centre after the outings. Everyone should dress in layers for the weather, bring your own ski or snowshoe equipment, including a small backpack with water, a hot drink, and snack. Please meet at the Trail Centre. See "Winter Fun Day" article in this publication for more details, departures times and levels of difficulty.

* Sunday, February 1: Winter Nature Walk Bring your family and join the Friends on this short leisurely walk to examine the plant and animal life on the Doe Lake loop (3km). Meet at the Trail Centre at 12h30. Come dressed for the weather and bring your binoculars, camera, drink and a snack if you wish.

* February 7 8: Winter Camping Weekend #1 (or Weekend #2 on February 14 15): Choose one of these two weekends to acquire and practice winter camping skills. Food will be provided. Prerequisite "Winter Camping Planning" given on January 24. Cost: $55.00 ea. plus interior camping fee; Time: 10h00 Saturday to 15h30 Sunday. To register contact the Trail Centre at 376-3489.

* Monday, February 9: Friends Board Meeting Location LCVI, Rm. 125 at 19h00

* Tuesday, February 10: Winter Lecture Hiking on Canada's West Coast. See separate article in this issue for more content information. To attend this free winter lecture sponsored by the Friends, meet at the Wilson Room of the Kingston Public Library (Johnson Street) at 19h00 sharp. The presentation should conclude by 21h00.

* February 14 15: Winter Camping Weekend #2 See Above.

* Monday, March 8: Friends Board Meeting Location LCVI, Rm. 125 at 19h00

* Saturday, March 20: Volunteer/Guide/Host Training Would you like to volunteer at the Park? Come to this training session offered by the Park staff and the Friends at the Trail Centre. Time: 09h00 to 15h30; Contact the Park (376-3489) for details.

* Monday, March 22: Deadline for Submissions for the Spring/Summer Newsletter We welcome your articles, letters, stories and photographs. Material should be sent to the Friends' address shown on the back page or e mailed to "". For electronic items, please send articles as Microsoft Word files with minimum formatting, and photographs as 180 dpi greyscale. If necessary/possible, please compress (zip) files before sending.

* Wednesday, March 31: Your Friends Membership Ends We need your support so please renew your membership for another year. And don't forget, renew early and have a chance to win the ever popular Tilley hat!

* Saturday, April 17: Guide Trail Sweep The Volunteers/ Guides will do general maintenance on the Park's trails to get them in top shape for our visitors. Meet at the Trail Centre at 08h30 to 16h30; Contact the Park (376-3489) for details.

* Sunday, April 18: Spring Frog Walk Join the Friends on a leisurely walk to spot the various species of frogs. The trail will be chosen at a later date in an effort to maximize the frog spotting potential, Time will be approx. 2 hours. Meet at the Trail Centre at 12h30. Bring your binoculars, camera, drink, and snack.

* Monday, April 19: Friends Board Meeting Location LCVI, Rm. 125 at 19h00

* Saturday, April 24: Regional Board Meeting Time and Location to be announced

Hot Chocolate at the Trail Centre

The Trail Centre is open most days of the winter. During the weekends of January, February, and March, stop by the Trail Centre to warm yourself by the fire and enjoy a cup of The Friends' body thawing hot chocolate.

Frontenac The Friends of Frontenac Park - President's Report for the 2003 AGM

This is truly a beautiful place to be. Mother nature has provided us with this majestic land to enjoy all year long. We are the envy of many people by having such a pristine natural environment to hike and canoe through within a short drive from Kingston. In fact, Lloyd is always sharing stories about visitors from foreign countries who want to experience the land we can visit anytime we want to. But, what particularly makes Frontenac Park an even more special place are the volunteers of The Friends of Frontenac Park.

Sometimes our presence is readily observed. Anyone walking into the Trail Centre today could not miss us celebrating the success of the 11th edition of the Frontenac Challenge.

A team of dedicated volunteers working with Lloyd and his staff ensure the Challenge runs smoothly. Another team of dedicated volunteers organized by Rose Jones are here through the winter providing hosting services and serving hot chocolate to hardy visitors enjoying the Park on a magical winter day. Also in winter, you'll find Erhard Frenzl introducing visitors to winter camping, something, I am almost tempted to try this year for the first time. In the warmer months, it could be volunteers out on an organized trail sweep, visitors checking out the flora and fauna on a guided nature walk led by Dora Hunter and the Natural History Group, or a group of volunteers repairing a bridge.

Other times, you may only see the end result of work carried out by the Friends, and even, sometimes, you may not see the work at all. The Property Acquisition and Protection Committee chaired by Dora Hunter has worked diligently in preparing letters, conducting extensive research, and lobbying politicians to prevent further development on environmentally sensitive land on Labelle Lake. Besides an occasional few words in the newsletter, you would not know that volunteers of The Friends had carried out this work to prevent encroachment on the boundaries of The Park.

The newsletter is another example of a project that few people know the extent of volunteerism required. First, there would be no newsletter without the volunteers who author the articles. Our editor, Audrey Helmstaedt has worked diligently in reviewing all articles, filling the blank space and preparing other regular features of the newsletter. The layout is then looked after by Ron Abbott. John Dorland finishes the process by tending to the mailing process.

There's a few positions on the Board that work in obscurity, but we need their dedicated work to function. Herb Helmstaedt has diligently taken the extensive minutes of our monthly Board meetings. Peter Burbidge keeps our financial affairs in good order.

Rose Jones ensures the public reads about our events in the local newspapers.

Our volunteers also worked on many new events this year. The most obvious being our canoe raffle. Inspired by Erhard Frenzl, Peak Experience and Swift Canoe and Kayak proudly donated a canoe to us to raffle. Many volunteers were involved in this endeavor, from administrative functions to selling tickets. We also held our first Winter Fun Day.

Peter Burbidge organized a fun day of hiking, snowshoeing, skiing for visitors. Unfortunately and ironically, the numbers were lower than anticipated due to too much snow falling the night before.

We could not do what we do without the cooperation of Ontario Parks. Lloyd Chapman and his staff are always willing to help where they can with our projects.

I could go on and on how important volunteers are to The Friends and how important The Friends are to Frontenac Park. To close. I would like to thank everyone who has volunteered with The Friends over the past year. You have certainly made Frontenac Park a special place for all of its visitors. Thank you.

Friends of Frontenac Winter Lecture - Hiking on Canada's West Coast

Tuesday February 10, 2004

Kingston Public Library, Wilson Room

7:00 PM

Friends of Frontenac member, Peter Burbidge, will share his hiking experiences during his four month trip to British Columbia, Yukon, and Alaska. The presentation will focus on the Kluane National Park in the Yukon; the Chilkoot Trail in Alaska/BC; the Skyline Hikers Camp Lake in Alberta; and the West Coast Trail in the Pacific Rim National Park on Vancouver Island. BC.

The presentation will touch on the origins of these old historical trails that opened up areas of untold beauty in some of Canada's ancient rainforests.

Also included will be pictures and stories about the famous Alaska Highway, the Top of the World Highway, the Klondike Highway, and the Stewart Highway, which form the rugged and historical travel corridors in the mountainous beauty of Canada's West Coast.

Frontenac Challenge

As the eleventh annual challenge came to a close, 370 participants had done the challenge at least once in the eleven years of its existence. Who would ever have believed that this "Fall Classic" in North Frontenac County would have become so popular from its beginning with just 13 participants completing it in its first year?

There is always a great deal of enthusiasm among the people who sign up to do the Challenge. There are the old guard who know the ropes of the event and the new comers who are looking inquisitively at the map to figure out the best way to combine the trails and to form the figure eights to make sure that each centimeter of the 160km is covered. But in the end when it is all done people have many stories to tell. Congratulations to the newest members of the 10 challenges under their boots Murray Henderson, Don King, Ruth King and to the 14 members who joined the 800km Club (completed 5 challenges).

Look out 2004! The permanently engraved list could be quite long! Congratulations go to the following hikers who completed the Frontenac Challenge in 2003.

First year

Carynne Arnold, Stephen Arnold, Joan Bailey, Carolyn Bonta, Bruce Broomfield, Lesley Brown, Morris Buckner, Anna Chadwick, Gilles Chercuitte, Malcolm Cunningham, Brian Davis, Jenny Ellis, Jordan Goudreau, Marge Grant-Hart, Bill Hiemstra, Larry Jenkins, Gunhild Karius, Michele Keating, Bernard Kerr, Ming Lau, Na Lin, Margaret Little, Margaret McLauchlan, Rose Millett, John Nugent, Debbie O'Donnell, Casey Onysko, Chris Onysko, Kim Onysko, Regina Prokopczuk, Brian Reid, Andrew Schleger, Grace Schwartkop, Emily Anne Shaw, Christine Showler, Peter Slaughter, Barbara Smith, Margaret Spicer, Linda Turnbull, Donna Vinkle, Cathy Windsor, Sharen Yaworski

2 years

John Blackwell, Sharon Blackwell, Larry Clooney, John Critchley, Gayle Desarmia, Nicole Florent, Yvonne Hawkins, Graham Lewers, Sandra Muis, Marie Phillips, Don Turnbull, Ellen Zeiss, Geoff Zeiss

3 years

Sean Blenkinsop, Les Cseh, Bill Earl, Mitch Francis, Cam Hodges, Jane Hough, Robert Hough, Inger Jensen, Fred Lucian, Ted Phillips

4 years

Grant Asselstine, Gary Birrell, Alex Clinton, Bob Clinton, Danielle Clinton, Kayla Clinton, Kris Clinton, Sue Clinton, Lorraine Flooks, Kathy Francis, Marilyn King, Dave Lucas, Amber Maloney, Tassa Maloney, Paul Markle, Tom Mawhinney, Richard Moller, Donna North, Irene O'Brien, Cheryl Stevenson, Laurie Weaver, Celina Willis, David Willis, Elisabeth Willis, Tristan Willis, Ray Wilson

5 years

Cathy Anderson, Rick Blasko, Sally Blasko, Don Bond, Bob Chadwick, Wilma Chadwick, Diane Kellar, Don Kellar, Steve Kellar, Paul King, Bill Murdoch, Beth Orr, Barbara Pusch, Val Ruttan

6 years

David Armitage, Sharon McIlroy

7 years

Peter Burbidge, Judy Ferren, John Golemiec, Jim Maloney, Rita Maloney, Joe Pollock

8 years

Mike Carmody, Joyce Duncan, Rudy Duncan, Dora Hunter, Vince Jewitt, Hugh Pratt

9 years

Sandra Laing

10 years

Murray Henderson, Donald King, Ruth King

11 years

Audrey Sanger

Danger Thin Ice!

Many of the rivers and lakes of Frontenac Park are now frozen, but they are not safe for traveling on. Ice conditions can vary on a daily basis and be influenced by temperature extremes, changing water levels and snow loads.

The Friends of Frontenac Park and Ontario Parks does not encourage traveling on ice, no matter what the ice conditions are like. Additional information on traveling on ice, including the Ministry of Natural Resource's Working on Ice Policy, can be obtained from the Trail Centre.

Thanks to Our Volunteers

Again this year, the volunteers at Frontenac Park have made a difference. Their unselfish giving of time helps the Park staff to facilitate visitors better. The canoe raffle ticket sales consumed a large number of volunteer hours but paid great dividends. The ongoing tasks of trail maintenance, bridge building, running special events and hosting at the trail centre are only a few ways that volunteers are needed at the Park. Thanks to all who have given so freely of their time and if we have overlooked anyone please accept our apologies. If you would like more information about being a volunteer please contact the Park Office at (613) 376-3489.

New Cross-country Ski Signs

If we get snow this year, cross country skiers will be able to enjoy the new signage purchased and constructed by The Friends. The bright yellow signs inform skiers of difficulty level, steep hills and direction.

Donation of Camping Equipment

Thank you to Woods Outdoor Equipment of Canada for donating to Ontario Parks the back pack and cook set that we raffled as door prizes at the Frontenac Challenge Award BBQ on November 9.

Renew your membership

Don't forget to renew your membership with The Friends of Frontenac Park! Current members will find enclosed with this newsletter their 2004/2005 membership renewal form. Your financial support of The Friends helps us to continue our programs and numerous projects that help to protect and enhance the natural qualities of Frontenac Park.

Members in good standing of The Friends can enjoy a discount of 10% off regular price merchandise (except canoes, kayaks and MEC price matched items) at The Peak Experience. The Peak Experience is Kingston's only locally owned outdoor store and is located at 166 Wellington at Brock and 795 Gardiners Road at Taylor Kidd. Present your Friends membership card with photo identification at your next visit to The Peak Experience.

Your membership with The Friends also entities you to a 15% discount at Novel Idea, a Kingston owned bookstore, located at 156 Princess Street.

Map Committee Volunteers

by Paul Vickers

Production of the 4th edition of our popular Frontenac Park interior map will be commencing this year. With over 1000 copies sold each year, the map has become an essential reference document for visitors to the Park. The face of the map shows in great detail the topography of the Park, hiking and portage trails, campsites, historical sites and other sites of interest. The back of the map provides visitors with essential information for visiting Frontenac Park along with natural and human history of the Park.

Cartography experience is not required. Experts at Ontario Parks will help us with the map production. We're looking for volunteers who want to make the map an even more useful map for the many visitors to the Park. Work will likely commence in the spring and continue until the map is printed sometime in 2005. If you are interested in volunteering for the Map Committee, please contact Paul Vickers.

Winter Safety on the Trail

by Don Stables

With the coming of the winter season, some of us turn to activities such as skiing and snowshoeing as well as a number of other winter sports and activities. Being out in the cold does not mean that we must suffer with the hard ships of the cold just to have fun in the outdoors. Remembering a few basic rules about winter safety will make your foray into the great white north a more enjoyable one.

Starting with hypothermia, we know that heat is lost from our body in five different ways.

When the body loses more heat then it can produce or gain from outside sources, the result is hypothermia (low body temperature). Being active in the outdoors, whether it's summer or winter, we must be aware of the way in which heat is lost so that we can be alert to the fact we or others may be suffering from hypothermia.

Hypothermia can have a sudden onset, as when someone falls through the ice or a gradual onset as from prolonged exposure to wind, cold air or cool water. In general, thermal control, "the ability of the body to regulate its temperature", is lost once the body temperature is lowered to 95F or 35C. Coma "deep unresponsiveness, severely depressed vital signs'' occurs immediately at 79F or 26.1 C. Cases have been documented in which patients have survived after reaching a core body temperature of 64.4F or 18C.

We should also be aware that age, medical condition and medications can put some people at risk for hypothermia sooner then others. Take the time to be familiar with the five stages of hypothermia was well as local cold injuries.

  1. Shivering is a response by the body to generate heat. It does not occur below a body temperature of 90F or 32C.
  2. Apathy and decreased muscle function first fine motor function is affected then gross motor functions.
  3. Decreased level of responsiveness is accompanied by a glassy stare and possible freezing of the extremities.
  4. Decreased vital signs, including slow heart rate and respiration.
  5. Death

Local cold injuries, known as frostbite, can also be a danger. It is wise to be on the watch for this as well. Early or superficial cold injuries usually involves the tips of the ears, nose, cheeks, toes, fingers and chin. You may lose feeling and sensation in the affected area. The skin remains soft but cold to the touch. Late or deep cold injury involves both the skin and tissue beneath it. The skin itself is white, waxy with a firm to completely solid frozen feeling. Swelling or blisters filled with clear or light yellow fluid may be present.

Wearing the right clothing in layers is the key to having fun out on the trail. By using the three layer's method, trouble can be avoided.

About 70% of your body heat may be lost through your head and shoulder area. That old saying may be true "put a hat on if your feet are cold". It may be a wise choice to use a balaclava, this will allow you to cover your neck as well as your head to hold and retain heat.

Keeping your feet dry is a full time job out on the trail. Starting with a dry set of foot wear is the first step, and when on a day hike, be sure to take an extra pair of socks or two. Keeping your core temperature in the normal range will help to keep the extremities warm. As well by taking the time to regulate the temperature of our body, we will then enjoy the outdoors to it's fullest.

Time is an important thing as well with the days being shorter and the nights being longer, it would be prudent to watch the time closely when out on the trail. Give yourself and your party ample time to get back safely. It is recommended that you have a few supplies in your day pack as well just in case you find your self out there longer than you expected.

Volunteer/Guide/Host Training

It is an Ontario Parks requirement that all persons wishing to perform volunteer work in a Provincial Park (guiding, hosting, general park volunteer work etc.) must attend appropriate training sessions at least once every two years. The requirement applies to all volunteers of Frontenac Park, whether or not they are members of The Friends.

The training session for Frontenac Park is scheduled for Saturday March 20th at the Trail Centre, from 9h00 to 16h00. Please bring a lunch.

Contact the Trail Centre at 376-3489 for more information.