THE OFFICIAL NEWSLETTER OF THE FRIENDS OF FRONTENAC PARK
Winter 2011 Number 59


The Frontenac Park Suite

By Jérôme McDuff

Thumbnail of the book Their Enduring SpiritChris Barber, author (with Terry Fuchs) of Their Enduring Spirit - The History of Frontenac Provincial Park 1783-1990, gave a copy of his book to Dr. Don Richardson. Dr. Richardson was so moved by the history, that he composed a piece of music inspired by the human heritage of Frontenac Park. On Sunday, November 07, 2010, about 30 people spent a pleasant afternoon at the Jason Thompson Gallery on the Nitawgi Farm near Harrowsmith, to hear the premiere performance of “The Frontenac Park Suite”.

The afternoon started with fiddle tunes played by Dustin Bruyea accompanied by Brian Flynn on violin and guitar and Ben Dutroit on double bass. Chris Barber spoke about the human history of Frontenac Park and displayed images of the “old” families that toiled within the borders of what is now the Park. In the audience were some of the descendants of the families that are mentioned in The Enduring Spirit and it was a pleasure to see members of the Wilson and Green families in attendance.

Thumbnail of the book Their Enduring SpiritThe main event – The Frontenac Park Suite, has three movements. The first represents the geological formation of the area; followed by the First Nations occupancy; and finishing with the march of the settlers. The second movement, with Celtic flavour, depicts the lives and labour of settlers within the park. The last movement represents the departure of the farmers and the start of the recreational era. In between each movement, Chris Barber read excerpts from his book appropriate for the theme of each movement.

The Suite was performed by three musicians: Dr. Don Richardson - flute; Brian Flynn - violin; and Ben Dutroit -double-bass. Brian Flynn, who assisted with the arrangements of the Suite, concluded the afternoon with a passionate performance of a Stan Roger’s “The Mary Ellen Carter”.

I wish to express my heartfelt thank you to Dr. Don Richardson for, not only composing the Suite, but also organizing this premiere event. Naturally, the thank you also extends to all who helped and participated in the occasion.

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President's Message

The President Herb Helmstaedt carrying a load of wood. (Photo: Jerome McDuff)By the time you read this letter it will be 2011, and it is time to wish you all a Happy New Year. 2011 will be a special year for the Friends, as our organization will have fully matured. We have passed our last teen-year and are set to celebrate our 20th year anniversary.

Following a number of preliminary meetings of a steering committee in 1990 and early 1991, the first official meeting of the Friends of Frontenac Board of Directors was held in September 1991. The first newsletter was published in the winter of 1991-92. In it, Janine Papadopoulos, our first elected President, lists and thanks the 10 members of the steering committee for their dedicated work in providing guidelines for the new organization. I will list them here again to recognize their foresight and efforts on behalf of the Park and the Friends: Art Beck, Anne Robertson, Chris Barber, Terry Fuchs, Erhard Frenzl, Kris Bowes, Jim Raffan, Cookie Cartwright, Karl Montgomery and David Hahn.

No doubt you will recognize many of these names; all of them have made major contributions elsewhere and have enhanced the quality of the natural and social environments in the Kingston area and beyond. However, I would like to single out one of them, Erhard Frenzl, who also was the subject of the feature article (by Alec Ross) in this first newsletter, entitled “A Decade in the Park”. According to the article, Erhard “had been a familiar face at the Park since 1982”, and for all those years had been a tireless volunteer whose “anonymous handiwork is evident throughout the Park”. As he has continued his work at an undiminished pace ever since, he deserves special recognition as the longest-serving volunteer in the Park. When reading through the first newsletter, I also noticed that Simon Smith served on the first Board of Directors of the Friends. Simon has recently returned to the Board, and we all appreciate the historical perspective he brings to our monthly meetings.

By all accounts, 2010 was a another good year for the Friends, with few complaints about the weather, a full schedule of well-attended events, including the winter lecture, a number of projects completed, and a record turn-out for the Frontenac Challenge and the Challenge BBQ. I had written about our main construction projects, the Moulton Gorge and Birch Creek bridges, in the last Newsletter, and I hope that by now many of you have seen the bridges and walked safely across them. The 2011 Board of Directors was approved at the November AGM and the December meeting of the Board focused on next year’s projects and schedule of events. As our major construction project, we hope to finally replace the bridge near Kingsford Dam. As this was held up so far by bureaucratic red tape, Park personnel have fixed it temporarily, but this can only be seen as a short-term solution. Other construction projects will involve the replacement of cribs under tilted portions of the Arab Gorge boardwalks and repairs to boardwalks and bridges on the Arkon Loop. A number of smaller projects, among others, involve the design of maps for the Corridor trail kiosk and changes to the geology display in the Park Office. We spent some time discussing on how we might celebrate our 20 year anniversary but decided that we should invite input from our membership before making any decisions. So, please let us have your thoughts on this.

Winter Lecture 2011 poster.This year’s winter lecture, scheduled for Thursday, February 10, 2011, in the Wilson Room of the Kingston Public Library, is titled “Every Trail has a Story: Heritage Travel in Canada” and will be given by Bob Henderson, a well-known outdoor education professor from McMaster University. The lecture will be based on his book of that title (2005), but will also draw on stories from a volume about the ancient aboriginal Pike’s portage route, near the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, co-edited by him in 2009. Besides writing and teaching, Bob is editor and researcher for several outdoor magazines. I hope that we will have a good turn-out for his lecture.

Again, happy new year and thank you to all those who have helped the Friends over the years to reach our 20th Anniversary milestone..

Herb Helmstaedt

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2011 Board of Directors

The Friends of Frontenac Park is a non profit organization whose purpose is to develop programs and materials that enhance the public's awareness, education, and appreciation of the natural environment and human history of Frontenac Provincial Park.

President: Herb Helmstaedt
Vice-President: Simon Smith
Secretary & Publicity:Martha Whitehead
Treasurer: Jim King
Membership: John Critchley
Newsletter: Donna Gillespie
Wilderness Skills: Don Stables
Frontenac Challenge: Anne Hogle
Trail Sweeps: Cathy Murray
Member At Large: David Crane

Committees

Park Management Plan: Paul Vickers
Map Coordinator: Cam Hodges
Natural History Hikes: Dora Hunter
Winter Camping: Don Stables
Winter Hosting: Cathy Murray
Frontenac Challenge: Anne Hogle, Rose Jones, Erhard Frenzl
Newsletter Editor: Donna Gillespie
Newsletter Publisher: Ron Abbott
Web Master: Jérôme McDuff

The Friends of Frontenac Park publishes the Frontenac News three times annually. The views expressed in the Frontenac News are not necessarily those of the Friends of Frontenac Park or the Editor. Some articles are published to give the viewpoint of an author or to incite discussions.

We welcome articles, notes, stories and photographs for the newsletter. Your ideas, suggestions and constructive criticisms are always encouraged. Material accepted is subject to editing and revision..

Next deadline for submission of material is:

Tuesday, March 01, 2011

Copy should be mailed to Friends of Frontenac Park c/o Newsletter Editor, P.O. Box 2237, Kingston, ON  K7L 5J9 or sent by e-mail to frontenacpark@gmail.com.

Visit us online at www.frontenacpark.ca and follow-us on Facebook and Twitter @frontenacpark.

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Outside

Here is a list of upcoming activities that maybe of interest to you. Please participate and tell your friends about them The * denotes Friends' sponsored activities Do not forget that you will need to purchase a daily vehicle or camping permit to take part in most of these activities. Contact the Park (613 376 3489) for more information.

Outside
Date Event Start End
January 15 *Winter Camping (Trip Planning) 10h00 15h30
January 22 *Winter Nature Walk 10h00 15h30
January 29 - 30 *Winter Camping Weekend #1 10h00 15h30
February 5 - 6 *Winter Camping Weekend #2 10h00 15h30
February 10 *Winter Lecture with Bob Henderson
at the Kingston Frontenac Public Library, Johnson St.
19h00 21h00
February 19 *Snowshoe Workshop with Ed Grenda 10h30 15h30
February 26 * Nature Walk 10h00 15h30
March 26 *Volunteer Training Day 09h00 15h00
March 26 * Nature Walk 10h00 15h30
April 16 *Spring Trail Sweep 08h30 16h00
April 17 *Historical Walk with Jérôme McDuff 10h30 16h00
April 23 * Nature Walk 10h00 15h30
April 30 *Spring Work Day 08h45 16h00
April 30 - May 1 Basic Wilderness First Aid Course 08h30 16h30
May 7 ORCKA Canoe Instructors Recertification Clinic 09h00 17h00
May 8 Single Burner Gourmet Cooking 10h00 13h00
May 28 * Nature Walk 10h00 15h30

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What’s in a Name? The Frontenac Arch

By Herb Helmstaedt

Since the Frontenac Arch region was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Program, in November 2002, the term ‘Frontenac Arch’ has become a household name, attached to an entire network of enterprises fostering sustainable economic and human development while remaining dedicated to the conservation of the region’s unique and sensitive ecosystems. For the Friends of Frontenac Park such enterprise is of course not new, as an important part of our mandate is to ensure that all our activities protect and enhance the natural qualities of the Park which is now part of the biosphere reserve. However, as the unique qualities of the biosphere reserve region are in no small part a result of its geological underpinnings, I thought that it might be fitting to devote some space in our newsletter to the rocks of the Frontenac Arch, beginning with the question of what is the arch and how was it first recognized.

Although in the literature the arch was defined in geologic terms (Fig. 1), one does not need to be a geologist to notice the marked contrast in scenery between the arch and the surrounding Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence lowlands.

Simplified geological map of regional setting of the Frontenac Arch

Figure 1: Simplified geological map of regional setting of the Frontenac Arch.
Note that the arch connects Precambrian rocks (in grey) of the Grenville Province of the Canadian Shield
with those of the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York State.
Dotted line marks the unconformity separating the Precambrian rocks from Paleozoic cover rocks (in white).

The distinct topography north and east of Kingston was appreciated long ago by first nations’ people who found the Thousand Islands and the clear lakes to the north and south ideal hunting and fishing grounds. The arch is typical of Canadian Shield landscapes, characterized by a hilly topography and an abundance of lakes with irregular shore lines and glacially polished rocky islands. You can notice the change in countryside every time you drive to the Park, when north of Sydenham, at the Kingston ski hill, the hitherto straight Bedford Road begins winding its way northward around lakes and up and down rocky knolls.

The basic subdivision of the rocks underlying the area of the Frontenac Arch was first recognized by Sir William E. Logan, father of Canadian geology and founder and first director of the Geological Survey of Canada. While in Kingston, in 1842, to establish administration, procedures, and field operations for the Geological Survey, to be founded in 1843, Logan visited an outcrop at Kingston Mills, in the freshly excavated cuts for the Grand Trunk Railway. Here he first saw the profound unconformity separating fossil-bearing Mid- Ordovician limestones from underlying Precambrian crystalline rocks (Figure 2).

Road cut on Highway 401 photo: Herb Helmstaedt

Figure 2: View to north of road cut on Highway 401 showing Ordovician limestones unconformably overlying Precambrian granite.
This outcrop is located a few hundred meters southeast of the railway cut at Kingston Mills described by Logan in 1842.

The results of the early geological investigations of the Geological Survey of Canada were summarized by him in the first comprehensive description of the geology of (Upper) Canada. The Frontenac Arch is mentioned as “... an exposure of azoic rocks [that] crosses the St. Lawrence at the outlet of Lake Ontario. It unites the azoic mass of the Adirondack mountains with the main body of the Laurentian range, and gives origin to the much-admired scenery of the Thousand Islands” (Logan, 1863, p. 10).

Logan used the term “Azoic” for all Precambrian rocks, denoting rocks without visible remnants of life (fossils). He correlated the rocks of the Frontenac Arch with the ‘Laurentian System’, a name given to the highly deformed metasedimentary and igneous rocks composing the Laurentian Mountains, known to form the basement to the mostly flat-lying fossil-bearing sedimentary rocks of the Paleozoic Era in eastern North America. Although Logan never used the term, the ridge of Precambrian rocks described by him was referred to as Frontenac Axis by early 20th century geologists (e.g., M.B. Baker, 1916). Whereas this term remains in use today, usage of the term Frontenac Arch has become increasingly common since the 1960’s (e.g., Ambrose, 1964). While some stick with ‘axis’ as a descriptive term, others don’t worry about semantics and use ‘axis’ and ‘arch’ interchangeably. Proponents of the term ‘arch’, however, imply a mechanism of formation, as for them the feature in question is not simply an erosional ridge of Precambrian rocks but an ‘anticlinal’ structure, representing a flexure of the ancient Precambrian surface. This of course raises questions such as “is it really a flexure” and, if so, “when, how and why did it form”? As none of these questions has simple answers, it is best not to speculate but to search the geological record for the first indications of the arch’s existence.

In the Kingston area, the Precambrian basement rocks of the Frontenac Arch consist of high-grade metamorphic sedimentary and intrusive rocks that are part of the Grenville Province of the Canadian Shield (Fig. 1). Near Kingston, these rocks range in age from about 1.4 to 1.1 billion years (Ga), making them some of the youngest of the Shield. Indeed, the Kingston area likely did not belong to the original (>1.8 Ga) Precambrian nucleus of North America (Laurentia) while the sedimentary precursor rocks of the marbles and gneisses of the Park were deposited. It is thought to have been part of a separate tectonic ‘terrane’, named Frontenac terrane (Fig. 3), that together with a number of other terranes was welded by plate tectonics forces to Laurentia during the Grenvillian orogenic cycle (mountain building episode), approximately 1 billion years ago.

Tectonic map showing the complex structure of the Grenville Province in southeastern Ontario

Figure 3: Tectonic map showing the complex structure of the Grenville Province in southeastern Ontario.
Note that the Frontenac terrane borders against a composite ancient island arc terrane (Elzevir) to the northwest
that separates it from the Central Gneiss Belt which belonged to the pre-Grenvillian margin of Laurentia.

The resulting Grenville orogen formed a Himalayan-type mountain range along the eastern margin of Laurentia, and the rocks we now walk on in the Park were tectonically buried deep in the core of this mountain range. The great depth of burial was deduced from the pressures of crystallization of the rocks’ mineral assemblages that range up to 6.5 kilobars corresponding to a depth of up to 20 km.

It took about 500 million years (Ma) for the Grenville Mountains to be eroded to sea level, and at the dawn of the Paleozoic Era, approximately 500 million years ago, the Frontenac Arch region was located near a low-latitude continental margin, south of the equator. This margin was slowly flooded by a shallow tropical sea, and it is during the transgression of this sea that one can first notice the influence of a barrier in the vicinity of the present Frontenac Arch (Fig. 4).

Sketch of a northeast-southwest cross-section through the Frontenac Arch

Figure 4: Sketch of a northeast-southwest cross-section through the Frontenac Arch showing its role as a barrier
during the deposition of Paleozoic strata. Note that the limestones of the Kingston area correspond to the uppermost part
(Black River and Trenton groups) of the much thicker sequence in the Ottawa Embayment, northeast of the arch.

Marine limestone deposition northeast of the arch, in the Ottawa Embayment of the St. Lawrence platform, began in the Late Cambrian, whereas southwest of the arch, in the Kingston area and the Lake Ontario Basin, limestone deposition did not begin until the Mid-Ordovician, approximately 15 to 20 million years later. What was this barrier? Was it a Precambrian basement high or a flexure of the Precambrian land surface? But more about this in a future edition of the Frontenac News...

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A Tio Wulf Ramble

By Larry Gibbons

You want to hear one of the saddest calls a wild creature can make? Then forget the wolf, the owl or the loon. I’m talking deep soul sad. A pitiful cry that in the autumn months makes me cry out, “Good-bye summer, old buddy, old friend. Good-bye forever.”

One Bufflehead duck. Photo: Larry Gibbons?I’m talking about bufflehead ducks. Their mournful quacks can stamp dark, inky, exclamation marks on my certainty that I’m never going to see this summer again. Ever. Quack.

The season of purple asters, daisies, goldenrod, hummingbirds, hogweed, poison ivy, deer flies, mosquitoes, smog... has been eternally ticked off my life’s list of how many summer seasons I’m going to enjoy on this planet.
These ducks fly into Big Clear Lake when the sun is losing its grip on the horizon. Then they thrash, splash and quack the night away. Their hoarse, quacking call sounding painfully sad, forlorn and earnest. It’s like they’ve lost a child or a lover.

Because these ducks hang around our lake, late into the fall, their quacks are constant, in my face reminders that summer has said “ta-ta”. These feelings being the most potent when my part of the world is asleep and the tiny orb of my flashlight is timidly puncturing the chilly night with a few meagre feet of light.

The wind is totally hushed, a freezing rain warning has been issued and tonight, those chubby little runts will be warming their feathery butts in the frigid waters of Big Clear Lake and crying, “quack, quack, quack”.
They say it’s the female bufflehead who gives out this hoarse quack. The gents do a squeaky whistle. Typical.
By the way, their scientific name is Bucephala albeola, B.A. for short, but I wonder how many people care about that.

Now I said they were bufflehead ducks. I will admit that I’m not positive they’re bufflehead ducks. I’m not a duck expert, but according to the Park booklet these fairly rare ducks are found in the area and one November afternoon, when it was below zero, I got a better look at them. Usually I only hear them at night and can’t see them. But I was hiking along Little Clear Lake when I spotted the ducks floating around on the jewelled waves, like black and white buoys.

I pulled out my binoculars and tried to identify them or at least get a mental image of their markings so I could go home and look them up in my bird book. But these ducks are so creatively painted up with whites and blacks, especially the male, that from where I was standing I couldn’t tell whether I was looking at their sides, their heads or their rear ends, even with the binoculars. They are skittish quackers too, so when I went to fetch my camera, they immediately turned and started paddling in the opposite direction. Lift-off occurred in a furious splash and spray of Little Clear Lake water. By this time my fingers were freezing and I was ready to hike back to the cabin.

Now here is where my Tio Wulf ramble truly begins.

I get the suspicion that scientific names and even common names can sometimes make it seem that much of some mystery has been cleared up. This can then muddy up genuine understanding and empathizing by creating the illusion of clarity. And therefore, by calling these specific ducks Bucephala albeola some people might think they have a better handle on who the buffleheads really are. They might think they understand them, just like labels make lots of people imagine that they have specific humans and groups sewn up into nice little packages.
Okay, so we know what to call them. Let’s say one of them dives under the surface of Black Lake. By so doing he bangs his buffled noggin on an object sticking up from the bottom of the lake. Does he think, “I’m going to have to be careful around this area?” Maybe he warns the other B.Aers to watch out for this specific protrusion which rocked his clock. Don’t know if he does. It’s a mystery, but I think that his having a scientific name makes some people think that if the duck banged his noggin on a lake bottom protrusion then he’d react like a Bucephala albeola.

Maybe they’d write: “The Bucephala albeola is a small chubby duck. Sometimes, when it dives, it will bump its head on objects and protrusions that project from the bottom. This is an unfortunate but typical misadventure of the Bucephala albeola. However, over the eons they have developed special sensory neurons inside their craniums which help the individual duck who was unfortunate enough to ring his or her bell to quickly learn to avoid the specific danger areas. Any ducks that don’t have this faculty are said to have the ‘Pin Ball Machine Syndrome’. Scientists have long wondered how the duck community would become aware of the bulge on the lake’s bottom. One theory held by some of the leading scientists in duck diving behaviour is that the Bucephala albeolas are specific visual sensitive to the sudden appearances of any bulges or goose-eggs that might periodically crop up on the noggins of their ducky friends and neighbours.”

Did you know that bufflehead ducks leave sentinels floating around on the water while their kindred dive? Smart Bucephala albeolas.

Speaking of mystery, in the last fall newsletter I mentioned that I was trying to figure out why the seagulls were so upset on Big Clear Lake. And why there were more of them and why some of the loons seemed to be nesting on different parts of the Lake from where they used to nest. I know that two more cormorants have been seen on Big Clear Lake and that’s not particularly good news for seagulls. Maybe the loons have heard that there is more development planned for Big Clear Lake which would be a definite threat to their traditional nesting grounds. I wonder how many traditional nesting grounds have been destroyed to make way for second homes and recreational retreats? Finiteness is one of the economists’ and developers’ toughest realities to grasp.

Oh, and have you heard how cormorants take over a piece of turf? Non-violently. They just congregate in a place and hang around until the residents move away. It’s like strangers holding a never-ending tail-gate party on our front lawn, until they become such a nuisance that we vacate. Kind of a Ghandian technique to shanghai a piece of property.

As the Homo sapiens, Mr. William Shakespeare wrote: “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio / Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”

Larry Gibbons is a regular contributor to the Frontenac News – watch for more Tio Wulf Rambles in future editions.

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Murray Henderson Receives Provincial Recognition

by Dora Hunter

 

Tom Freisen with Murray Henderson. Photo: Nancy Grew

Murray Henderson receiving Hike Ontario Awards
from Tom Freisen, President.
Photo: Nancy Grew

Members of the Friends of Frontenac Park will be delighted to learn that Murray Henderson has been recognized by Hike Ontario for his many years and kilometres of hiking. The Long-distance Hiker Awards recognize those who have hiked long distances on multiple trails. The Tamarack Award, the highest level in the three stage program, requires that one must hike 1,500 kilometres, with at least 150 kilometres on each of, at least, three trails. Murray more than qualified with his 25,000 kilometres logged over a 15 year period on the Rideau, Cataraqui, Ganaraska and K & P trails; in Algonquin, Bon Echo, Charleston Lake, Murphy’s Point and Frontenac Provincial Parks; and, the many conservation areas throughout the area.

Twice a recipient of the Frontenac Provincial Park Volunteer of the Year Award, Murray has been a regular on Trail Sweeps, and for many years with a small group of friends, put up and took down The Challenge signs. He assisted in the organization and implementation of our GPS work on the Park trails; was a keen worker the day we cleared and signed Bufflehead Trail; and, has served as a Trail Centre host. For over ten years he maintained a section of the Rideau Trail in the Gould Lake Area.

One of my fondest memories of Murray was created on the shortest day of the year, in the early morning darkness, when I dipped my hiking stick in Elevator Bay on Lake Ontario to begin my journey to Sydenham on the Rideau Trail. Imagine my delight, upon reaching Princess Street, to discover Murray waiting there for me with a quiet comment that it seemed like a long hike to undertake on one’s own. Would I mind if he came along? The dark morning turned into a sleety, blowy, miserable day. I may not have completed the hike if I hadn’t had Murray to lead the way where the trail was not clearly marked, and if we hadn’t had a boost from his wife Pat’s life-sustaining butter tarts along the way. I tell the story because I know there is many a hiker who can recount similar tales of being accompanied by Murray along the Rideau Trail or on The Frontenac Challenge. Not only has he achieved a significant milestone in his own hiking career, but also, he has been an unselfish supporter of those who share his passion for hiking. Congratulations, Murray!

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2011 Frontenac Challenge

By Anne Hogle

Another Frontenac Challenge has come and gone, and we look back with satisfaction. Both the number of Challenge registrants and successful completions were the highest ever in 2010. We thank all those who participated.

The weather cooperated for the Challenge BBQ in November and we had an opportunity to award many certificates and badges. Five year certificates were awarded to Bob Clooney, Nicole Fenton, Al Giffin, Gunhild Karius, Jairo Munoz, Conner Vreeken, Marie Warner, Debbie Wemp and Jim Wemp. Ten year certificates were awarded to Les Cseh, Kathy Francis, Jane Hough, Robert Hough, Fred Luciani, Ted Phillips, Gloria Seeley and Maureen Sly.

Mia Newstead with mom Kathy. Photo: Mike Newstead

Congratulations to our youngest challenger Mia Newstead,
who successfully completed her first Frontenac Challenge
in 2010 at the age of 6 months (with the support of her parents Mike and Kathy)
Photo: Mike Newstead

We have a new record for the youngest Challenger completion this year – the honour going to 6 month old Mia Newstead, with special recognition to her parents Mike and Kathy for their perseverance. While we regard the Challenge as personal endeavour, rather than a competition we do wish to give special recognition to several other “firsts”.

The Vreeken brothers, Connor and Alex, deserve to be recognized as the youngest “self propelled” completions, with each boy completing his first Challenge at the age of 6. Connor is now our youngest 5 year member at age 11, and I suspect that Alex will follow suit. At the other end of the scale, I would like to recognize Jean Thompson as the oldest person to complete the Challenge at the age of 80 years. Jean has just celebrated her 90th birthday. She took the Challenge only once, and hiked mostly on her own “so no one would be worrying about me”. Jean never received much recognition at the time for her remarkable feat, and it now seems a good time to correct that.
While we do not track participants by age, if anyone wishes to come forward and challenge for the honour of oldest completion they are welcome to so.

Have a good winter in the Park, and join us for another Frontenac Challenge in 2011.

Congratulations go to the following hikers who completed The Challenge 2010.
David Armitage
Shelley Aylesworth-Spink
Margaret Bewidje
Jane Bird
Robert Bird
Tom Black
Trish Black
Rick Blasko
Sally Blasko
Peter Blood
Joe Bodendistel
Carolyn Bonta
Wendy Bordeleau
Lisa Boulay
Jennie Bourne
John Branton
Mary Brinklow
Bobbie-Lynne Brock
Morris Buckner
Carla Burr
John Blackwell
Mike Carmody
Bob Chadwick
Bob Clooney
Diane Creber
Les C. Cseh
Donna Cunningham
Sandy Cunningham
Eve D"Aeth
Joan Daly
Dennis Joshua
Lorna Deyo
Cora Dobing
Joyce Duncan
Rudy Duncan
Janet Fenton
Nicole Fenton
Dorothy Forrester
Shara-Lee Foster
Kathy Francis
Al Giffin
Marilyn Gillis
Sue Gingovaz
Jordan Goudreau
Susan Grigg
Allan Gudlaugson
John Hanaes
Rob Harrap
Dave Henderson
Margaret Henderson
Andrew Hills
Maureen Hobbis
Cam Hodges
Dena Hogeboom
Derrick Hopkins
Jane Hough
Robert Hough
Dorothy Hudson
Dora Hunter
Shawn Hutchinson
Doris Ihrig
Rob Irving
Susan Irving
Will Irwin
Sharon Isbell
Heather Jamieson
Marilyn Jansen
Rose Jones
Mark Joyce
Christian Judd
Gunhild Karius
Jane Kenyon
Rhonda Kerr
Jim King
Siepi King
Erin Koebel
Joe Kozar
Seth Kozar
Lise Legault
Rheal Legault
Karen Leggo
Laird Leggo
Mike Lightstone
Gary Linton
Susan Long-Poucher
Sandra Lopes
Elaine Lowen
Fred Luciani
Jo Lyon
Brenda MacDonald
Zabe MacEachren
Amanda MacIvor
Karen MacKinnon
Lesley MacKinnon
Nadine MacRae
Steve Manders
Jane McGrath
Sheila Menard
Derrick Mikkola
Rose Millet
Clare Mouncey
Charlotte Mouncey
Sandra Muis
Jairo Munoz
Mateo Munoz
Sofia Munoz
Bill Murdock
Elizabeth Naidoo
Kathy Newstead
Mia Newstead
Mike Newstead
Sonia Nobrega
Jennifer Norman
Donna North
Meg O'Connor
Christine Patton
Helen Phillips
Johanne Phillips
Ted Phillips
Leszek Pisarek
Thomas Pisarek
Cheryl Plancke
Mike Plancke
Hugh Pratt
Regina Prokopczuk
Barbara Pusch
Rona Pyle
Steve Pysklywec
David Rankine
Brad Roberts
Audrey Sanger
John Sanger
Vicki Schmolka
Gloria Seeley
Liz Shibley
Bob Short
Maureen Sly
Natasha Smith
Patrick Smith
Nigel Spink
Richard St-Onge
Don Stables
Graham Stead
Rose Stewart
Nat Stone
Doris Thomas
Jill Timperon
Robert Tolley
Tina Toon
Toni Towle
Norm Tremblath
Ben Tripp
Linda Tucker
Linda Turnbull
Glenda Turner
Jack Tyhuis
Rae Tyhuis
Kees Tyhuis
Reed Tyhuis
Gavin Vandyke
Alex Vreeken
Connor Vreeken
Erik Vreeken
Evert Vroegh
Marie Warner
Joy Webster
Debbie Wemp
Jim Wemp
Martha Whitehead
Christina Wilcox
Margaret Wild
Bruce Williamson
Anne Wilson
Kathryn Wood
David Wright
Sharon Yaworski
Bill Zeran
Rita Zeran

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Kingsford Dam Parking Lot

There is a new parking lot at Kingsford Dam. The parking lot is not in the park and not own by Ontario Parks. More information to come in the near future. Photo by Peter Dawson

new parking area at Kingsford Dam. Photo: Peter Dawson

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Discounts

Your membership with the Friends entitles you to a 15% discount at Novel Idea, a Kingston owned bookstore located at 156 Princess Street.

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